Vanguard Energy Fund (VGENX)
Retained Earning Schedule
|Retained Earnings (Previous Year)|
Intangible and Goodwill Schedule
|Intangible and Goodwill (Previous Year)|
|Intangible and Goodwill|
Vanguard Energy Fund income statement is the only one that provides an overview of company sales and net income
The reasoning behind the adjustment, however, is that free cash flow is meant to measure money being spent right now, not transactions that happened in the past. This makes Vanguard Energy Fund FCF a useful instrument for identifying growing companies with high up-front costs, which may eat into earnings now but have the potential to pay off later.